PASSOVER - WHEN?

There is disagreement about what the high days are during the time of Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread and about which night the meal should be eaten.  There are those who are very dogmatic about their explanation or organizational doctrine and insist that they are right; this study is probably not of interest to them. There are others who are always searching and re-evaluating in their quest for truth.  What follows below is a presentation of some of the positions taken on the issue and why.  My position on the Passover and Festival of Unleavened Bread has varied over the years as I studied the differing points of view.  As a result, I have kept this appointed time different ways with different groups. At this point in time, I have no firm position on this particular issue.  Let us try to objectively review each position as we search, study, and pray for Yahweh’s guidance in our lives.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THREE OF THE DIFFERING POSITIONS

POSITION 1 (and footnotes to the references often given)
Those who hold this position:
1.) Define that each day begins with evening. 1
2.) Consider that the evening of the 14th day of Abib is after sunset at the end of the 13th day of Abib.
3.) Do the Passover meal on the evening of the 14th day of Abib 2, using the definition of evening as in no. 2 above.
4.) Do not consider the 14th day of Abib to be a High Day.
5.) Do not consider the 14th day of Abib to be one of the days of The Festival of Unleavened Bread 3; therefore consider is acceptable to eat unleavened bread on the 14th but not at the Passover meal 4 on the 14th.
6.) Consider the 15th of Abib, which starts after the sunset at the end of the 14th, to be the first day of The Festival of Unleavened Bread 3 and a high day 5.
7.) Consider the last day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread to be a High Day 5, that is the 21st of Abib.

POSITION 2(and footnotes to the references often given)
Those who hold this position:
1.) Define that each day begins with evening. 1
2.) Consider that the evening of the 14th day of Abib is after sunset at the end of the 13th day of Abib.
3.) Do the Passover meal on the evening of the 14th day of Abib 2, using the definition of evening as in no. 2 above.
4.) Consider the 14th day of Abib to be a High Day 6, the day on which the lamb was killed 7.
5.) Consider the 14th day of Abib to be the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread 7,8.
6.) Consider the last day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread to be a High Day 5, that is the 20th of Abib.

POSITION 3(and footnotes to the references often given)
Those who hold this position:
1.) Define that each day begins after sunset.  Evening here being the word "eh-rawv", (6153 Strong’s) in the Hebrew text.1,10
2.) Consider that the "eh-rawv" of the 14th day of Abib is at sunset at the end of the 14th day of Abib.
3.) Do not consider the 14th day of Abib to be a High Day.
4.) Do not consider the 14th day of Abib to be one of the days of The Festival of Unleavened Bread 3
5.) Read the commandment for the killing of the Passover lamb to be on the 14th of Abib "between the evenings," or "bain haw-ar-baw-yim"in the Hebrew text 9,10,not "in the evening." as some versions render it, 7and not "at twilight" as some other versions render it.14
6.) Consider "between the evenings" to mean between the minor evening temple oblation (12PM to 3PM) and the major evening temple oblation (3PM to 6PM), therefore about 3PM.11,
7) Consider the Messiah to have died about the ninth hour 12, about 3 PM, as the Passover lamb.
8.) Do the Passover meal after the time the lamb would be killed, 3 PM on the 14th, but before the next morning.4,13  Cooking and meal preparation could place the meal after sunset and therefore on the 15th.



Reference Notes:
 1.)  Gene 1:5 (KJS) And {Elohim} called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And  the evening and the morning were the first day.
 2.)  Levi 23:5 (KJS) In the fourteenth [day] of the first month at even [is] {Yahweh’s} passover.
 3.) Levi 23:6 (KJS) And on the fifteenth day of the same month [is] the feast of unleavened bread unto the {Yahweh}: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.
 4.) Exod 12:8 (KJS) And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; [and] with bitter [herbs] they shall eat it.
 5.) Levi 23:7 (KJS) In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. 23:8 … in the seventh day [is] an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work [therein].
 6.) Exod 12:14 (KJS) And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to {Yahweh} throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.
 7.) Exod 12:6 (KJS) And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.
 8.) Mark 14:12 (KJS) And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the passover, his disciples said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and prepare that thou mayest eat the passover?
 9.) Exod 12:6 (Young’s Literal Translation) And it hath become a charge to you, until the fourteenth day of this month, and the whole assembly of the company of Israel have slaughtered it between the evenings;…
10.) Hebrew text from the Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia Hebrew Manuscript.
11.) Good, Joseph Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come Port Arthur, Texas: Hatikva Ministries,  1989
12.)  Matt 27:46 (NIV) About the ninth hour {Yahshua} cried out in a loud voice… vs 50 And when {Yahshua} had cried out again in a loud voice, he gave up his spirit.
13.) Exod 12:10 (KJS) And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.
14.) Exod 12:6 (NIV) Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the people of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight.